Critical Thinking

Critical Thinking - Google Red

If we had to think of one core, missing ingredient in the world today, it would be peoples’ inability to think critically; to think logically, fairly and rationally.

This is an optional extra subject that is not a required curriculum subject, but one that we believe is absolutely vital. Here’s why;

CT1

There is nothing we do as humans that does not involve our thinking. Our thinking tells us what to believe, what to reject, what is important, what is unimportant, what is true, what is false, who are our friends, who are our enemies, how we should spend our time, what jobs we should pursue, where we should live, who we should marry, how we should parent.

Everything we know, believe, want, fear, and hope for, our thinking tells us.

It follows, then, that the quality of our thinking is the primary determinant of the quality of our lives. It has implications for how we go about doing, literally, everything we do.

Therefore, learning to think at the highest level of quality, or to think critically, is too important to leave to chance. Critical thinking is the disciplined art of ensuring that you use the best thinking you are capable of using in any set of circumstances. Through developed critical capacities, you can take command of the thinking that is commanding you.

Becoming a critical thinker requires that you learn to observe, monitor, analyse, assess, and reconstruct thinking of many sorts in many dimensions of human life. It requires the building of important habits of mind. It has implications for every act that takes place in your mind. It requires a special form of dedication and perseverance, honesty and integrity.

We will try to show you how to use your mind to improve your mind. Many of the ideas we cover can help you take command of the mind that is controlling your thoughts, emotions, desires and behaviour.

Our hope is not in a miracle transformation, but in laying a foundation for your future intellectual and emotional growth. We are merely scratching the surface of deep and complex topics. We do not provide a quick fix, but rather places to begin. When you begin to take your intellectual growth seriously, you begin to see payoffs in every part of your life.

But first, you must wake your mind up. You must begin to understand your mind. You must begin to see when it is causing you problems. You must begin to see when it is causing others problems. You must learn how to trap it when it tries to hide from itself (using one of the many forms of self-deception of which it is naturally skilled). You must discover some of the trash and nonsense you have unknowingly taken in during years of passive absorption – to which all of us are subject. We will help to show you how to begin.

CT2

William James, the father of psychology in America, once said, “A great many people think they are thinking when they are merely rearranging their prejudices.” Everything we do involves thinking. Our quality of life depends on the quality of our thinking. But for the most part, very few people are taught how to engage in clear thinking. If our thinking is flawed, it follows that we will experience problems in life. Many of our regrettable actions emerge from faulty reasoning.” Yet very few people really question the quality of their thinking. It is human nature to believe that what we think is right.

“Humans are prejudiced. We stereotype one another. We are often hypocritical.” And we often engage in thinking which justifies behaviour that includes stealing, killing and torture. “In short, we naturally think that our thinking is fully justified.”

Our thinking controls our emotions and our decisions – which of course leads to our circumstances. If you wish to change your circumstances, you must change your way of thinking. Then we are given the basics of critical thinking: Clarity, accuracy, precision, relevance, depth, breadth, logic, significance and fairness.

Trying to improve your life without working on the root issue will not yield sustainable results. Students need to strengthen their thinking and writing skills to better learn and retain information, and improve their overall academic performance.

We believe critical thinking is a process for taking charge of and responsibility for one’s thinking. It fosters the development of basic intellectual skills students need to think through content in any class, subject, or discipline, as well as through any problem or issue they face. Simply stated, it offers students the intellectual tools they need for lifelong learning, and rational, conscientious living.

We try to supply the Tools for Taking Charge of Your Learning and Your Life.

This course is designed to help students engage in critical thinking within the discipline or subject matter they are studying. In addition, students will better appreciate the power of the discipline they are studying, see its connections to other fields and to their day-to-day lives, maintain an overview of the field so they can see the parts in terms of the whole, and become active learners, rather than passive recipients of information.

CT3

Too much learning at school is based on memorization of facts! Students cram in information and then spit it back out in order to pass an exam, without ever having to think about the content! The typical school is one where students

become progressively more passive and bored, where students begin to accept memorization as the way to learn, where they fail to see school as a place where one gains important knowledge one can use in solving life’s problems.

Critical thinking is at once simple and complex. Though there are many layers to critical thinking, and you can always deepen your understanding of it, there are some basic ideas in critical thinking that, if taken seriously, can almost immediately improve the quality of your life. This course is for anyone interested in improving the quality of their lives by improving the quality of their thinking. It fosters the development of basic intellectual skills students need to think through content in any class, subject, or discipline, as well as through any problem or issue they face.

In short, it is indispensable!

Critical Thinking Level 1 contains 8 one hour lessons. The course focuses on developing critical thinking skills for individuals to develop higher order of functioning when solving problems. One lesson should be completed a week and therefore, should take roughly 8 weeks per level. Once learners have completed this level, they should be able to:

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Understand the thinking skills involved of critical thinking

 

 

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Follow directions to produce an end result

 

 

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Evaluate concepts and identify similarities and differences

 

 

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Provide information in a clear and concise way

 

 

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Infer and drawing conclusions from information

 

 

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Classify and categorise words in a creative context

 

 

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Identify faulty logic, point out inadequate evidence and justify reasoning

 

 

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Understand and apply sequencing techniques

 

Critical Thinking Level 2 contains 8 one hour lessons. The course focuses on developing critical thinking skills for individuals to develop higher order of functioning when solving problems. One lesson should be completed a week and therefore, should take roughly 8 weeks per level. Once learners have completed this level, they should be able to:

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Visually recognise the English language in different contexts

 

 

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Infer and drawing conclusions from information

 

 

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Develop foresight and problem solving abilities

 

 

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Complete patterns and sequences in a mathematical context

 

 

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Discuss ideas in a logical sequence and justifying reasoning with resources

 

 

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Classify and categorise words in a creative context

 

 

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Understand and apply sequencing and scheduling techniques

 

Critical Thinking Level 3 contains 8 one hour lessons. The course focuses on developing critical thinking skills for individuals to develop higher order of functioning when solving problems. One lesson should be completed a week and therefore, should take roughly 8 weeks per level. Once learners have completed this level, they should be able to:

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Analyse material on a textual level

 

 

Green

Understand and apply sequencing and scheduling techniques

 

 

Green

Classify and categorise words in a creative context

 

 

Green

Complete patterns and sequences in a mathematical context

 

 

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Developing visualisation skills in real world situations

 

 

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Creating mental links between concepts

 

 

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Using reasoning skills to answer questions on key information

 

Critical Thinking Level 4 contains 8 one hour lessons. The course focuses on developing critical thinking skills for individuals to develop higher order of functioning when solving problems. One lesson should be completed a week and therefore, should take roughly 8 weeks per level. Once learners have completed this level, they should be able to:

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Identifies and explains a problem

 

 

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Compare documents to determine validity

 

 

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Recognise that contexts differ and individuals react differently to a context

 

 

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Acknowledge and accept the existence of multiple perspectives

 

 

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Evaluate evidence and draw a conclusion

 

 

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Understand and apply sequencing and scheduling techniques

 

 

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Complete patterns and sequences in a mathematical context

 

 

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Analyse the existence of relationships in a variety of contexts

 

Critical Thinking Level 5 contains 8 one hour lessons. The course focuses on developing critical thinking skills for individuals to develop higher order of functioning when solving problems. One lesson should be completed a week and therefore, should take roughly 8 weeks per level. Once learners have completed this level, they should be able to:

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Describe relationships found in visual information

 

 

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Analyse alternative points of view

 

 

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Identify the pros and cons in a situation

 

 

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Synthesise information in written form

 

 

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Engage the imagination to explore new possibilities

 

 

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Creatively display content in an alternative form

 

 

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Recognise assumptions held by the majority of a group

 

 

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Explain procedures to reach a conclusion by using source material

 

Critical Thinking Level 6 contains 8 one hour lessons. The course focuses on developing critical thinking skills for individuals to develop higher order of functioning when solving problems. One lesson should be completed a week and therefore, should take roughly 8 weeks per level. Once learners have completed this level, they should be able to:

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Fair-mindedly follow where evidence and reason lead

 

 

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Analyse the authority of information and determine its usefulness

 

 

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Accurately interpret graphical information

 

 

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Contrast different styles of presenting a performance

 

 

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Reflect on a current issue within your country

 

 

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Incorporate selected information into your knowledge base

 

 

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Generate alternative perspectives or views to get an outcome

 

 

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Prioritise tasks according to their and other considerations

 

Critical Thinking Level 7 contains 8 one hour lessons. The course focuses on developing critical thinking skills for individuals to develop higher order of functioning when solving problems. One lesson should be completed a week and therefore, should take roughly 8 weeks per level. Once learners have completed this level, they should be able to:

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Recognise the consequences of actions

 

 

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Analyse and draw inferences from numerical models

 

 

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Engage the imagination by exploring possibilities

 

 

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Discuss written information to produce a comprehensive picture of viewing a problem through different perspectives

 

 

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Form and challenge your own ideas and concepts

 

 

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Improve memories capabilities

 

 

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Recognise assumptions held by the majority of a group

 

 

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Distinguish relevant from non-relevant data

 

Critical Thinking Level 8 contains 8 one hour lessons. The course focuses on developing critical thinking skills for individuals to develop higher order of functioning when solving problems. One lesson should be completed a week and therefore, should take roughly 8 weeks per level. Once learners have completed this level, they should be able to:

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Synthesise information into written form

 

 

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Compare the accounts of individuals in different regional contexts

 

 

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Reflect on strengths and weaknesses of a system

 

 

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Reason towards a conclusion

 

 

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Develop standards of a process that can affect decision making

 

 

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Select a range of source material that can be used in the research process on a given topic

 

 

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Assess the strength of an argument and the implications regarding the course of action taken

 

 

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Formulate and articulate ideas

 

Critical Thinking Level 9 contains 8 one hour lessons. The course focuses on developing critical thinking skills for individuals to develop higher order of functioning when solving problems. One lesson should be completed a week and therefore, should take roughly 8 weeks per level. Once learners have completed this level, they should be able to:

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Reason towards application

 

 

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Understand the contributing of associative modes of reasoning

 

 

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Identify relevant claims to an argument

 

 

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Rationalise a general topic through the evaluation of legal and emotive perspectives determine the best conclusion

 

 

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Access information in an effective and efficient manner

 

 

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Accurately interpret questions

 

 

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Determine the extent of research needed

 

 

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Justify reasoning through a logical and guided approach

 

Critical Thinking Level 10 contains 8 one hour lessons. The course focuses on developing critical thinking skills for individuals to develop higher order of functioning when solving problems. One lesson should be completed a week and therefore, should take roughly 8 weeks per level. Once learners have completed this level, they should be able to:

Green

Understand the aspects of critical thinking

 

 

Green

Identify faulty logic, point out inadequate evidence and justify reasoning

 

 

Green

Classify and categorise words in a creative context

 

 

Green

Inferring and drawing conclusions from information

 

 

Green

Being able to compare and contrast differences in the past, present and future

 

 

Green

Developing foresight and problem solving abilities

 

 

Green

Completing patterns and sequences in a mathematical context

 

 

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Understanding concepts like reality, morality and judgement and how these can change your perception

 

 

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Visualise a concept and transform it into a 3D version

 

Critical Thinking Level 11 contains 8 one hour lessons. The course focuses on developing critical thinking skills for individuals to develop higher order of functioning when solving problems. One lesson should be completed a week and therefore, should take roughly 8 weeks per level. Once learners have completed this level, they should be able to:

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Evaluate evidence and provide and argument for the reliability of its authority and usefulness

 

 

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Identify the risks associated with making and implementing decisions

 

 

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Interpret and analyse source materials

 

 

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Judge the validity of a groups right to self-determination

 

 

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Understand the economic and legal issues associated with issues and the access to information

 

 

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Reflect on and strengthen weaknesses of yourself and determine methods in which you could improve future performance

 

 

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Incorporate selected information into your knowledge base

 

Critical Thinking Level 12 contains 8 one hour lessons. The course focuses on developing critical thinking skills for individuals to develop higher order of functioning when solving problems. One lesson should be completed a week and therefore, should take roughly 8 weeks per level. Once learners have completed this level, they should be able to:

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Weight connections and relationships

 

 

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Interpret and analyse source materials

 

 

Green

Distinguish relevant and non-relevant data

 

 

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Understand the social issues associated with ethical considerations

 

 

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Generate alternatives and select an appropriate solution

 

 

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Apply systematic research processes

 

 

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Discuss written information to produce a comprehensive picture of viewing a problem through different perspectives

 

Critical Thinking Level 13 contains 8 one hour lessons. The course focuses on developing critical thinking skills for individuals to develop higher order of functioning when solving problems. One lesson should be completed a week and therefore, should take roughly 8 weeks per level. Once learners have completed this level, they should be able to:

Green

Improve memories capabilities

 

 

Green

Analyse different approaches to studying

 

 

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Developing evaluation skills and EQ

 

 

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Inferring and drawing conclusions from the information already given

 

 

Green

Visualise a concept and transform it into a 3D version

 

 

Green

Completing patterns and sequences in a mathematical context

 

 

Green

Develop a critical eye

 

 

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Developing foresight and problem solving abilities

 

Critical Thinking Level 14 contains 8 one hour lessons. The course focuses on developing critical thinking skills for individuals to develop higher order of functioning when solving problems. One lesson should be completed a week and therefore, should take roughly 8 weeks per level. Once learners have completed this level, they should be able to:

Green

Conceptualise words to create meaning

 

 

Green

Evaluate concepts and identify similarities

 

 

Green

Analyse material on a textual level

 

 

Green

Revise and recall purposeful information

 

 

Green

Visualise a concept and transform it into a 3D version

 

 

Green

Understand and apply sequencing and scheduling techniques

 

 

Green

Following directions to produce an end result

 

 

Green

Inferring and drawing conclusions from information

 

 

Green

Analyse symbolic meaning and apply this skills in a real-world situation

 

Critical Thinking Level 15 contains 8 one hour lessons. The course focuses on developing critical thinking skills for individuals to develop higher order of functioning when solving problems. One lesson should be completed a week and therefore, should take roughly 8 weeks per level. Once learners have completed this level, they should be able to:

Green

Understand the components of critical thinking

 

 

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Understanding and applying the steps of critical thinking

 

 

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Develop a critical eye

 

 

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Conduct valuable research

 

 

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Improve memories capabilities

 

 

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Form and challenge your own ideas and concepts